Jerusalem Timeline

First temple
Iron age
1200 – 586 BCE
1000 BCE
King David rule Israel from Hebron 7 years, then  conquers Jerusalem from the Jebusite and make it the new capital. Rule another 33 years to total of 40 years
970-931King Solomon  build the first temple from Lebanon Cedar
931-911 Rehoboam  and Jeroboam  split the Kingdom to Israel & Judea
733 Tiglath Pileser III    king of Assyria ruin Israel
586Nebuchadrezzar II  the ruler of Babylon ruin the first temple and take the Jews to Babylonian Exile
Persion period
Second Temple
515 BCE – 70AD
Hellenistic period (4th – 1st century)
Roman period
63bce – 324 ad
538Cyrus the Great gave to the world Cyrus cylinder which  permit the Jewish exiles to return from Babylon
515After The Return to Zion the returnees Zerubbabel Ezra Nehemiah build The Second Temple
332Alexander the Great  conquers Judea without fight
164Judas Maccabeus purify the temple and since then Jews celbreate the 8 days holiday Hanukkah also known as the Festival of Lights, commemorating the rededication of the temple
63After the death of Queen Salome_Alexandra
 civil war between Hyrcanus II  against his relative  Aristobulus II give Judea to Pompeius Magnus
40-37Antigonus the Hasmonean led, along with Barzapharnes, and Parthian invasion of Judea, seized Jerusalem, and sent his uncle Hyrcanus II to Babylon in chains
37-4Herod the Great  known for his colossal building projects in Jerusalem and  Judea , including the rebuilding of the Second Temple
0 -30

Jesus was born in Bethlehem and crucified in Jerusalem


Agrippa I  the last Jewish King build the third wall


The Great Revolt   Jewish – Roman war

70Titus destroy the Second Temple
132-135The Second Revolt led by Simon bar Kokhba
135Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus ruin Jerusalem and all Judea. rebuild and rename Jerusalem to Aelia Capitolina and rename Province  Judea  to Province Syria Palaestina which later on remain Palestina
324 ad – 638ad
Byzantine period
325Constantinus sent is mother Queen Helen to Build
The Holly sepulcher and Jerusalem become Christian
614-628Jerusalem is conquered by the Persian
628-638Byzantine took over again
First Muslim  period638 Umar ibn al-Khattāb conquers Jerusalem from the Byzantine
660-750The Umayyad dynasty
691Abd al-Malik finish construction the Dome of the Rock

Abbasid and Fatimid

1073Seljuk conquers Jerusalem from the Muslims
Crusader period1099-1187
(1291 Acre)
The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. It lasted less than two hundred years, until 1291 when the last remaining outpost, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks.
Second Muslim  period1187-1250Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, Iraq  Ayyubid dynasty,
1250-1517Mameluk, was a slave soldier who converted to Islam and served the Muslim caliphs and the Ayyubid. Baibars in 1291 finish the Crusaders
1517-1917The Ottoman / Turkish Empire in Jerusalem 8000-1000 people
British period1917-1948General Allenby enter Jerusalem on 11 Decenber 1917 and the british leave the aria only after the UN resulation from 29 November 1947
Jordanian1948-1967Hashemite King Abdalah and his grandson King Hussein ruler of Jerusalem
Israel1967In the Six-Day War  the Third Arab-Israeli War on 7th June Old Jerusalem and east part of Jerusalem became Israeli territory after almost 2000 years